Утицај баштине :: Свети Симеон - Најбоље из природе и традиције :: www.svetisimeon.com
  • 1

  • 5

  • 5

  • 5

  • 5

 

Legacy

kvalitet izgradnje

Rulers and saints – Palaces and monasteries

St Simeon bears the name of the great Serbian ruler and saint. It is located near the town of Ras, the twelfth century seat of Stefan Nemanja, the great mediaeval ruler of Raška.

Stefan Nemanja was the progenitor of the Nemanjić Dynasty and creator of the powerful Serbian state of the Middle Ages. The Nemanjić Dynasty was a golden period in Serbian history and culture. Together with his son Rastko, Stefan Nemanja was the founder of the Serbian Orthodox Church and laid down the foundation of the Serbian legacy. His reign was crowned by the beginning of construction on the great heritage monuments Đurđevi Stupovi, Studenica, Žiča, the Temple of the Most Holy Virgin and the Monastery of St Nikola.

Nemanja’s son Rastko entered the monastic order on Mount Athos in 1191 and was given the religious name Sava. In 1196, Stefan Nemanja summoned a great council in Ras at which he renounced his secular power and bequeathed his throne to his second son, Stefan Prvovenčani, took monastic vows at the Studenica Monastery and was given the monastic name Simeon. The monks Simeon and Rastko were moved to found a monastery on Mount Athos dedicated to the Serbian people and monasticism. Soon after they received the golden bull of the Byzantine Emperor Alexius III with the following words: “To Serbs as a gift for eternity”. The receipt of this charter in 1198 began one of the greatest feats undertaken by father and son for the Serbian church, state, culture, education and the whole Serbian future – construction of the Hilandar Monastery. To this day there has not been another such undertaking in Serbia’s history.

On February 26, 1199, Stefan Nemanja died a monk at the age of 85, in the narthex of the Hilandar Monastery before the icon of the Holy Virgin Mary. His last words were “Thank God for everything”. His remains were moved to the Studenica Monastery where they remain to this day. Serbs celebrate him as Saint Simeon the Myrrh-Streaming and his son, Rastko, as Saint Sava.


Villa Anastasia

vila

Anna, ruler of Serbia
wife of the great prince, Stefan Nemanja
mother of Stefan, Vukan and Rastko Nemanjic
received the monastic name of Anastasia
lived in the 12th century

Villa Elena

vila

Elena Anjou, Serbian queen
wife of King Uros I Nemanjic
mother of kings Dragutin and Milutin
despite being of French origin, she was named the Serbian saint
lived in the 13th and 14th centuries

Villa Simonida

vila

Simonida, Serbian queen
wife of King Milutin
daughter of the Byzantine Emperor Andronicus
known for her extraordinary beauty
lived in the 14th century

Villa Theodore

vila

Theodore, Serbian queen
wife of King Stefan Uros III of Decani, his moral and great support
mother of the first Serbian king - Dusan the Mighty
lived in the 14th century